When your child has disabilities, you may wonder how you will manage all the medical expenses. In some situations, children may qualify for Social Security Disability benefits. 

The Social Security Administration provides disability benefits to children under the age of 18. 

Which conditions qualify?  

According to the Social Security Administration, there is a list of conditions that usually qualify for disability benefits. These conditions include muscular dystrophy, Down syndrome and cerebral palsy. Your child may also qualify if he or she was born with a hearing or visual condition. Sometimes your child may be eligible for benefits if he or she weighed less than 2 pounds, 10 ounces at birth. 

What information do parents need? 

You usually need to supply information about your child when you apply for disability benefits. This information might include medical records and the assessments of medical professionals. If your child attends school, you should also send your son or daughter’s school records and statements from your child’s teachers. If your child meets with a therapist, you should also send these records. The SSA uses all of this information to determine how the condition affects your child’s ability to function every day. 

How long do children receive disability benefits? 

The SSA generally reviews your child’s situation to see if he or she still needs disability benefits. This review might take place every three years. You usually need to provide your child’s medical and school records so the SSA can see whether your child’s condition has changed. Sometimes your child may have a condition that will not improve over time. In this situation, you typically need to demonstrate that your child is receiving appropriate treatment.